For instance, both cowardice and rashness are opposites of courage; contrary to prudence are both over-caution and insufficient caution; the opposites of pride a virtue are undue humility and excessive vanity.
She claims that virtue is not an end in itself, that virtue is not its own reward nor sacrificial fodder for the reward of evil, that life is the reward of virtue and happiness is the goal and the reward of life.
This presents a problematic, self-cancelling figuration of masculinity in the Roman works, which allows the reader or audience to see the opposition between Rome and Egypt in a Manichean view, displaying everything in contrasting, extreme terms of black or white, divided between Rome and Egypt and therefore masculinity and femininity.
In Kant's view, to be goodhearted, benevolent and sympathetic is not regarded as true virtue. Lines 83—85Shakespeare plays on the derivation of virtue from virtus, in its turn derived from vir- Latin for man. Justice: Wrong none, by doing Injuries or omitting the Benefits that are your Duty.
A more "modern" virtue, tolerancecan be considered the mean between the two extremes of narrow-mindedness on the one hand and over-acceptance on the other. The 'Higher type' also "instinctively seeks heavy responsibilities" WP in the form of an "organizing idea" for their life, which drives them to artistic and creative work and gives them psychological health and strength.
In Antony and Cleopatra, this manifests as an imperial fantasy, in that the cultural other can only be tamed or controlled when it is fantasised about. The regions also provide a lens of interpretation that depends on regional values and differences; that is, a culture gap.
Moral perfection is an unbreached rationality, not the degree of your intelligence but the full and relentless use of your mind, not the extent of your knowledge but the acceptance of reason as an absolute.