In some cultures, groups such as the family provide limited care, love and support for example because care is institutionalized, because love is provided in friendship networks or because support is provided by the welfare state.
It was also explicitly pointed out that they could stop and cancel their participation at any time, and that their responses would be treated confidentially. These social categories are also, like individual identity, fundamentally dialectical.
A nation comparison of families by Georgas et al. Individualist cultures are frequently compared and contrasted with the more collectivist cultures.
The resulting scale consisted of two separate blocks of Personal and Community items. Agency may also be one way to achieve distinctiveness, which can be found as a motive to establishing identity in all cultures, albeit in very different ways across individualistic and collectivistic ones [ 4849 ].
As such, horizontal collectivism is manifested as an orientation in which group harmony is highly valued and in-group members are perceived to experience equal standing.