Academic writing compare and contrast vocabulary activities
Compare and contrast examples
Too slow? DOWNLOAD NOW Step 5: Evaluate Now that the students have analyzed closely the question or writing prompt, identified the similarities and differences in content, structure, and media used across the texts, it is time for them to evaluate the texts and offer their opinion on their overall merit or effectiveness. Without the ability to make comparisons—to set one object or idea against another and take note of similarities and differences—much of what we call learning would quite literally be impossible. Chalk and Cheese Comparing modern takes on classic tales is a worthwhile learning opportunity. Students work on comparing the similarities and differences between the two versions of the tale. No part of this publication—including the drawings, graphs, illustrations, or chapters, except for brief quotations in critical reviews or articles—may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system. Student Work from the Lesson Figure 1. You'll notice that even at this early stage of the lesson, students are engaged in addressing state standards by analyzing primary documents from different time periods. They can then record this information in note form or bullet points. All rights reserved. Comparing and contrasting helps us all understand the world around us and our place in it. Visual Contrasts Increasingly, we are recognizing the need for students to approach visual texts with the same rigour we have traditionally approached the printed word. The best thing we can do to help our students to effectively answer these types of questions is to offer them a coherent strategy with which to approach them. They are a huge time saver and can be found and created in both digital and paper based format quickly and easily. What use does it have in your classroom?
In this primarily oral activity, students are given two or more photographs or pictures to compare and contrast. These are often sufficient for students to prepare for writing their answer.
Activity: Description Organizer You'll notice that we have added a section to the right for you to record your own thoughts on the lesson.
How did the strategy help Joanne to achieve her goals? Too slow? Each of the four phases is represented by at least one piece of student work.
Teaching compare and contrast to elementary students
Venn diagrams can easily accommodate a comparison of multiple ideas through the addition of more circles in the diagram. Too slow? A compare and contrast essay therefore looks at the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences. Compare, in relation to reading, refers to the process of identifying the similarities and differences between two things. Phase Two: Comparison Joanne now moves her students into the comparison phase by having them work with partners to identify similarities and differences between the two households and then to record those similarities and differences using the Top Hat Organizer see Figure 1. To prepare, you should do the following things before you move on: Keep an eye out for students who use comparative thinking in your classroom. We also encourage you to be the student by completing the student activities throughout the lesson. Take a moment and jot down some ways in which households are similar and different from one another. Students work together to identify the similarities and differences in the pictures and they then record their findings. Defining the Terms Compare and Contrast The ability to compare and contrast has its uses far beyond the classroom. Sometimes the whole essay will compare and contrast, though sometimes the comparison or contrast may be only part of the essay. Although comparative thinking is a natural operation of our minds and is essential to learning, most students have a difficult time making use of comparisons in school.
The first passage you will read is taken from a 17th century father's diary, and the second passage comes from a 19th century song. Note that criteria are not perfectly synonymous with critical attributes.
Compare and contrast misconceptions
Venn diagrams can easily accommodate a comparison of multiple ideas through the addition of more circles in the diagram. Answer the question below and then discuss your answer with your neighbor. This message will disappear when then podcast has fully loaded. How comfortable are they with comparison? In what situations do you feel comparison works well? Both types of structure have their merits. I hear his footsteps now, He's through the garden gate; Run, little Bess, and open the door, And do not let him wait; Shout, baby, shout! The Zen of Venn This activity works well when comparing and contrasting two longer texts. Divide the class into smaller groups and assign each of them one of the chapters, sections, or extracts etc that are being compared and contrasted. How does their work compare with yours? Joanne has made sure that the activities and assessments in the lesson require students to practice the skills assessed by her state's standardized tests, including The ability to present clear analyses of issues, ideas, texts, and experiences; The ability to support positions with well-developed arguments; The ability to develop arguments with effective use of details and evidence; and The ability to explain the importance of analyzing narratives and documents from different times and places to understand historical events. Students reflect on the pictures and critically evaluate them through discussion. As you examine this work, ask yourself, What skills are students demonstrating in this work? By compiling the available research on effective instruction, Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock found that strategies that engage students in comparative thinking had the greatest effect on student achievement, leading to an average percentile gain of 45 points p. Most comparison strategies ask students to focus their attention on critical attributes, which are the defining characteristics of the items under investigation.
As you examine this work, ask yourself, What skills are students demonstrating in this work? A classroom poster highlighting these four phases for students is included in this guide.
When we think of students reading a text, we must ensure we recognize that texts can be visual and audio in nature too. Phase Three: Conclusion For this phase, Joanne asks her students to discuss what they have learned as a result of their comparison and to form some conclusions.
Examine a range of student work that demonstrates comparative thinking.
Compare and contrast activities for high school students
And it is no wonder, as the ability to categorise and compare things in terms of their differences and similarities corresponds to some the earliest stages of cognitive development. Phase Three: Conclusion For this phase, Joanne asks her students to discuss what they have learned as a result of their comparison and to form some conclusions. Step 2: Identify Similarities and Differences in the Content Once students have identified the purpose of the writing prompt or the nature of the question, they can start to read the text and take note of the similarities and differences in terms of content. Most comparison strategies ask students to focus their attention on critical attributes, which are the defining characteristics of the items under investigation. The best thing we can do to help our students to effectively answer these types of questions is to offer them a coherent strategy with which to approach them. Note that criteria are not perfectly synonymous with critical attributes. A former principal of an international school and university English lecturer with 15 years teaching and administration experience. To better understand how to achieve success when asking your students to make comparisons, it is important to first understand your own attitude toward comparisons and how you use them in your classroom. Phase One: Description Now Joanne asks students to use the criteria provided in the description organizer see Figure 1. Use the four traits you select to develop a want ad for an ideal 21st century father. These first two phases encourage students to use details and evidence from the readings to support their comparisons, and the Top Hat Organizer helps students give their thoughts a shape. Categorizing things in terms of their similarities and differences is something we do instinctively as humans, but it is essential this is further refined through conscious practice.
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