Example quantitative research paper

In quantitative studies, it is common to use graphs, tables, charts, and other non-textual elements to help the reader understand the data. In a normal academic paper, you need to demonstrate that you know every detail of the material important to your hypotheses. Basic Research Design for Quantitative Studies Before designing a quantitative research study, you must decide whether it will be descriptive or experimental because this will dictate how you gather, analyze, and interpret the results. Quantitative research deals in numbers, logic, and an objective stance. For instance, you might find that your relationship between X and Y holds for whites but not for blacks or holds for males but not for females. This could be enhanced with evidence that when such choices are available, they are rare purchases for many families Parkson, , particularly in small towns and rural areas Shemble, You could then bring up issues of validity and reliability. What is the distribution of the dependent variable? Keep figures small in size; include graphic representations of confidence intervals whenever possible. This would be worth discussing too. Highlight key findings based on the overall results and note findings that you believe are important. Chapton, D.

The methods section should be presented in the past tense. If you gathered it yourself, describe what type of instrument you used and why.

Quantitative research examples pdf philippines

An experimental design includes subjects measured before and after a particular treatment, the sample population may be very small and purposefully chosen, and it is intended to establish causality between variables. If you can argue that for all the controlled crosstab tables that aren't significant if there aren't too many , then you could state that "It appears that the relationship between X and Y persists when one looks at the patterns in the column percentages; however, some of the controlled crosstab tables are not statistically significant. Sharpe, ; Quantitative Research Methods. Be precise and concise as you discuss your findings, but keep in mind that matters need not be quite as black and white or as strictly factual as they were in the Results section. Use tables to provide exact values; use figures to convey global effects. Discussion The Discussion section of a quantitative paper is where you interpret your research results and discuss their implications. This provides the researcher with a continuous set of questions with a lower number of missing cases; however, the trade-off is the lower number of total cases. The Practice of Social Research.

Those single fathers are certainly worthy of some attention, for instance, and perhaps family groups occasionally met up with other families, ate together and then lingered for dessert and talk as their children enjoyed the toys. Discussion Discussions should be analytic, logical, and comprehensive.

Armonk, NY: M. A descriptive study is governed by the following rules: subjects are generally measured once; the intention is to only establish associations between variables; and, the study may include a sample population of hundreds or thousands of subjects to ensure that a valid estimate of a generalized relationship between variables has been obtained.

As is the case in many research projects, the more the author learns and thinks about the topic, the more complex the issues become, and here the researcher discusses a hypothesis that proved incorrect.

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