This project is mostly given as a prerequisite writing course to the actual thesis and is accomplished in the term period before; supervision is provided by one professor assigned to a class. At most U. Unlike a dissertation or master's thesis, they are not as long and they do not require a novel contribution to knowledge or even a very narrow focus on a set subtopic.
After its approval, candidates must defend publicly their research before a three-member committee tribunal with at least one visiting academic: chair, secretary and member presidente, secretario y vocal.
Length is often given in page count and depends upon departments, faculties, and fields of study. Thesis requirements vary greatly between degrees and disciplines, ranging from as low as 3—4 ECTS credits to more than The Rigorosum is only common for doctoral degrees.
PhD theses are usually over two hundred pages. Thesis examinations[ edit ] One of the requirements for certain advanced degrees is often an oral examination called a viva voce examination or just viva in the UK and certain other English-speaking countries. Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses.