The 95 theses were
Christians should be taught, the Pope, in selling pardons, has more want and more desire of a devout prayer for himself than of the money. Those tares of changing the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory were evidently sown while the bishops slept Mt Peter's out of his own money? If for the sake of miserable money he released uncounted souls, why should he not for the sake of most holy love empty the place?
But blessed be all those prophets who say to the community of Christ, "The cross, the cross," and there is no cross.
Luther began to live the spartan and rigorous life of a monk but did not abandon his studies. We assert on the contrary that both this and every other Pope has greater mercies to show: namely, the Gospel, spiritual powers, gifts of healing, etc.
95 theses explained
For it is clear that the Pope's power is sufficient for the remission of penalties and forgiveness in the reserved cases. Therefore the Holy Spirit through the pope is kind to us insofar as the pope in his decrees always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity. Severinus and St. Therefore he asks that those who cannot be present and dispute with him orally shall do so in their absence by letter. Again: - Why does not the Pope build St. Only God could do that. God forgives none his sin without at the same time casting him penitent and humbled before the priest His vicar. He must be consumed with horror. His advisers recommended he have Luther prohibited from preaching against indulgences in accordance with the indulgence bull. Indulgences are positively harmful, according to the Theses, since they induce a false assurance of peace, and cause the recipients to neglect true repentance. In , Luther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to defend his opinions before an imperial diet assembly. In theses 35 and 36, he attacks the idea that an indulgence makes repentance unnecessary. God remits guilt to no one unless at the same time he humbles him in all things and makes him submissive to the vicar, the priest. First of all, we should rear living temples, not local churches, and only last of all St. In theses 48—52 Luther takes the side of the pope, saying that if the pope knew what was being preached in his name he would rather St.
Therefore the multitude is misled by the boastful promise of the paid penalty, whereby no manner of distinction is made. Christians should be taught, he who gives to the poor, or lends to a needy man, does better than buying indulgence.
95 theses summary
They are nevertheless in truth the most insignificant graces when compared with the grace of God and the piety of the cross. It does not seem to be proved either by arguments or by the Holy Writ that they are outside the state of merit and demerit, or increase of love. And thus hope with confidence to enter Heaven through many miseries, rather than in false security. What should he say to those who ask why anniversary masses for the dead , which were for the sake of those in purgatory, continued for those who had been redeemed by an indulgence? If the pope does have power to release anyone from Purgatory, why in the name of love does he not abolish Purgatory by letting everyone out? When man believes himself to be utterly lost, light breaks. Every true Christian, be he still alive or already dead, partaketh in all benefits of Christ and of the Church given him by God, even without letters of indulgence. The canons concerning penance are imposed only on the living; they ought not by any means, following the same canons, to be imposed on the dying. Nevertheless, Wittenberg church members went to Tetzel, who was preaching nearby, and they showed the pardons for their sins received from him to Luther. But let him who guards against the lust and license of the indulgence preachers be blessed. Peter, to many of those from whom certain hawkers of indulgences cajole money. The spiritual, inward character of the Christian faith was stressed.
Further, the Theses contradicted the decree of Pope Clement VIthat indulgences are the treasury of the church. Luther died on February 18, Again: - Why does not the Pope build St.
Is 95 theses italicized
It is a vain and false thing to hope to be saved through indulgences, though the commissary - nay, the Pope himself - was to pledge his own soul therefore. Therefore, if pardons were preached according to the Pope's intention and opinion, all these objections would be easily answered, nay, they never had occurred. Thus, they became a manifesto that turned a protest about an indulgence scandal into the greatest crisis in the history of the Western Christian church. Wrong is done to the word of God if one in the same sermon spends as much or more time on indulgences as on the word of the Gospel. Therefore the Holy Spirit through the pope is kind to us insofar as the pope in his decrees always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity. He must be consumed with horror. Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven seem to differ as perfect despair, imperfect despair, and security of salvation differ. The right and true treasure of the Church is the most Holy Gospel of the glory and grace of God. Yet is the Pope's absolution and dispensation by no means to be contemned, since it is, as I have said, a declaration of the Divine Absolution.
Lawrence called the poor of the community the treasures of the community and of the Church, but he understood the word according to the use in his time. Seldom even as he who has sincere repentance, is he who really gains indulgence; that is to say, most seldom to be found.
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